Mole Valley Farmers
Farminguk
29 July 2016 | Online since 2003
Scrutton Bland


25 September 2012 14:46:31|

Global grain production at record high


Global grain production is expected to reach a record high of 2.4 billion tons in 2012, an increase of 1 percent from 2011 levels, according to new research conducted by the Worldwatch Institute.
According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the production of grain for animal feed is growing the fastest - a 2.1 percent increase from 2011. Grain for direct human consumption grew 1.1 percent from 2011, write report authors Danielle Nierenberg and Katie Spoden.

In 2011, the amount of grain used for food totaled 571 million tons, with India consuming 89 million tons, China 87 million tons, and the United States 28 million tons, according to the International Grains Council.
The world relies heavily on wheat, maize (corn), and rice for daily sustenance: of the 50,000 edible plants in the world, these three grains account for two-thirds of global food energy intake.
Grains provide the majority of calories in diets worldwide, ranging from a 23 percent share in the United States to 60 percent in Asia and 62 percent in North Africa.

Maize production in the United States, the largest producer, was expected to reach a record 345 million tons in 2012; however, drought in the Great Plains has altered this estimate severely.
Maize yields for the 2012-13 growing season are now expected to decrease 13 percent from 2011 production, for a total production of 274.3 million tons.

The reliance on grain crops for food security is threatened by more-extreme climatic events, especially droughts and floods.
According to the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction, the World Food Programme, and Oxfam International, some 375 million people will be affected by climate change-related disasters by 2015.
By 2050, the FAO notes, 10-20 percent more people will be subject to hunger based on the changing climate's effects on agriculture, and 24 million more children are expected to be malnourished, 21 percent more than if there were no climate change.

"The relationship between food security, grain production, and climate change is especially important in 2012," said Nierenberg, a Worldwatch senior researcher and Nourishing the Planet project director.
"The recent drought affecting the United States and the rest of the world show the need to reduce price volatility, move away from fossil fuel-based agriculture, and recognize the importance of women farmers to increase resilience to climate change."

The drought taking place in the Midwest and Great Plains of the United States is considered the country's worst in 50 years, coming close to matching the late-1930s Dust Bowl.
The drought is expected to cost many billions of dollars and could top the list as one of the most expensive weather-related disasters in U.S. history. The global market will be most affected by this drought, as so much of the developing world relies on U.S. corn and soybean production. Food prices have already begun to increase due to lower yields, and price fluctuations will inevitably affect food security around the globe.

Download

0 Comment

loginuserlogo
Name

Please enter your name


Email

Please enter your email

Please enter valid email


Comment

Please enter your comment


Post Comment

Your comment has been submitted successfully. Please wait for admin approval.


Comments

No comments posted yet. Be the first to post a comment


Russian Federation | 28 July 2016
Sanctions were not discussed directly with German agriculture minister - Russian minister

Lifting of sanctions and counter measures was not discussed directly during the meeting with German Minister of Food and Agriculture Christian Schmidt, Russian Economic Development Minister Akexey Uly...


India | 28 July 2016
India's farmers seize offer of free registration of land sold on 'plain paper'

When the Indian state of Telangana announced a three-week window for free registration of land that had exchanged hands via handwritten notes on plain paper, the offer triggered more than a million ap...


France | 28 July 2016
France to support grain farmers after crops hit by weather

France will help grain farmers cope with an expected plunge in revenue after torrential rain and a lack of sunshine in late spring hit the country's cereal crops. First results of the still ongoing...


Australia | 28 July 2016
Triple target to transform agricultural education in Australia

The United States' framework for agricultural education is inspiring Australian educators to call for a transformation in schools. The 2015-16 winners of the prestigious Hardie Fellowship, Andrew H...


China | 28 July 2016
Chinese company majority investor in $200m Southland dairy plant

A state-owned Chinese company is investing in a Southland company to build a $200 million dairy processing plant with the promise of creating 100 new jobs. Mataura Valley Milk has announced China A...



Trending Now

Viewed
Discussed


Top stories you may have missed
closeicon
Username
Password