05 March 2015 | Online since 2003



18 March 2014|Arable,Cereal,Crops,News

Maize growers face potential plant establishment issues


The loss of Neonicotinoid seed dressings could give maize growers real establishment problems in 2014’s wet soils, warns Grainseed’s technical director Neil Groom.

The 2 year Neonicotinoid ban means the popular seed dressing Poncho has been withdrawn for use this year leaving many growers at risk from leatherjackets and wireworms and the serious damage they can do to yields.

Whilst strategic use of alternative treatments will be needed to avoid shortfalls, sound crop husbandry and good seedbed preparation are key too, he says.


“If your maize fields are after long-term grass, meadowland or set aside then the chance of you having leather jacket and wireworm problems are high, especially if you’re on the wetter western side of the country where there is a greater area of parkland type grazing.”

In terms of insect pests, the remaining pesticide Sonido offers good control but there are limitations as to its use, he says.

“Whilst Sonido can be used as a seed dressing to give good control of soil pests, we cannot treat the same seed with both Sonido and Mesurol, and it’s Mesurol that provides the seed with the vital protection against birds.”

One way of getting around the problem could be to mix Mesurol treated seed and Sonido treated seed in the drill hopper so you get a level of control against both pests. But it’s only half the answer when it comes to protecting yields, Neil Groom points out.

“To fully counteract the loss of Neonicotinoids you really need to look at all the aspects of crop management that can affect early plant establishment.

“For example, plants get away quicker if they are drilled into a warmer seedbed. So don’t drill too early – try and leave it until the middle of May when the soil has warmed up rather than in mid April.”

Selecting varieties with good vigour such as the ultra early maturing variety Picker or mainstream variety Hobbit will also speed up plant establishment and reduce the vulnerable seedling period.

Seed treatments such as Opticoat, which contain Zinc and Manganese, are worth considering and placement fertilisers which give the roots a band of phosphate to tap into as soon as they emerge are a good idea.

But growers must get all aspects of nutrition planning right and this means making a realistic fertiliser plan, Neil Groom says.

Removing compaction pans is also a priority.

“Compaction is usually visible at around 12 – 18” of depth so get a spade out and check to see if you have a problem. If there is a pan then use any dry weather period to remove these layers.

“It’s also a good idea to rotate maize around the farm if you’ve got the land to do it as this ensures you don’t get weeds and pests building up and it’s probably better to be using short term leys based around Italian Ryegrass and hybrid mixtures rather than long-term 6 - 7 year leys.”

Download



Comments


No comments posted yet. Be the first to post a comment

To post comment without approval login or register

Display name

Please enter your name

Email (optional)
Comment

Please enter your comment

Post Comment

Your comment submitted successfully.Please wait for admin approval.

Some error on your process.Please try one more time.



Jobs


25 February 2015
Senior R-Systems Engineer - London
-This is a hands on position requiring individuals to have significant experience with Linux Server Farms, Apache Web service...

24 February 2015
Crop Protection Delivery Driver
Frontier is the UK’s leading crop inputs and grain marketing business, recognised for its close customer relationships with f...

3 March 2015
Multi Skilled Engineer (Elec bias)
Food, FMCG, Dairy, Bakery, Seafood, Fish, Meat, Beef, Pork, Lamb, Manufacturing. Our client, a food company based near the Sc...

26 February 2015
Solicitor - Real Estate
The firm has a strong sector focus with expertise in agriculture, charities, education, food and beverage, health, insurance,...

21 February 2015
Windows Systems Administrator
You will be tasked with the delivery of mission critical infrastructure services including Network and Server infrastructure,...




Top stories you may have missed
2 February 2015 | Arable
Is EU membership damaging UK farming?

Is EU membership damaging UK farming?

Membership of the EU is damaging the British farming industry, according to...


29 January 2015 | Machinery and Equipment
Drones 'rapidly changing' agriculture

Drones 'rapidly changing' agriculture

BASIS has launched an accreditation for pilots of Unmanned Aerial Systems (...


23 January 2015 | Arable
UK wheat yields have potential to double

UK wheat yields have potential to double

UK wheat yields have theoretical potential to more than double over the nex...


23 January 2015 | Machinery and Equipment
Crowds flock to LAMMA 2015

Crowds flock to LAMMA 2015

Britain’s farmers flocked to Peterborough for the first day of LAMMA’15 to ...


22 January 2015 | Cattle
Don't blame supermarkets for milk crisis...

Don't blame supermarkets for milk crisis...

The crisis in the dairy industry is not the fault of supermarkets, accordin...


16 January 2015 | CLA
Families affected by HS2 face 'major wor...

Families affected by HS2 face 'major wor...

Transport Minister Baroness Kramer visited three rural businesses in Cheshi...


16 January 2015 | Machinery and Equipment
John Deere unveil new 6R tractor range

John Deere unveil new 6R tractor range

Spearheading the John Deere range of mid-size tractors from Mannheim, the n...


14 January 2015 | Animal Health
Monthly TB checks more effective than ba...

Monthly TB checks more effective than ba...

Regular testing for bovine TB could significantly reduce the number of infe...


12 January 2015 | News
Government regulations hampering UK agri...

Government regulations hampering UK agri...

Single-issue policy-making threatens to hamper, not help, the progress of U...


8 January 2015 | Cattle
2015: The year ahead for the beef market

2015: The year ahead for the beef market

2014 has been a “rocky old year” for the beef industry but better prices ar...