26 January 2015 | Online since 2003



18 March 2014|Arable,Cereal,Crops,News

Maize growers face potential plant establishment issues


The loss of Neonicotinoid seed dressings could give maize growers real establishment problems in 2014’s wet soils, warns Grainseed’s technical director Neil Groom.

The 2 year Neonicotinoid ban means the popular seed dressing Poncho has been withdrawn for use this year leaving many growers at risk from leatherjackets and wireworms and the serious damage they can do to yields.

Whilst strategic use of alternative treatments will be needed to avoid shortfalls, sound crop husbandry and good seedbed preparation are key too, he says.


“If your maize fields are after long-term grass, meadowland or set aside then the chance of you having leather jacket and wireworm problems are high, especially if you’re on the wetter western side of the country where there is a greater area of parkland type grazing.”

In terms of insect pests, the remaining pesticide Sonido offers good control but there are limitations as to its use, he says.

“Whilst Sonido can be used as a seed dressing to give good control of soil pests, we cannot treat the same seed with both Sonido and Mesurol, and it’s Mesurol that provides the seed with the vital protection against birds.”

One way of getting around the problem could be to mix Mesurol treated seed and Sonido treated seed in the drill hopper so you get a level of control against both pests. But it’s only half the answer when it comes to protecting yields, Neil Groom points out.

“To fully counteract the loss of Neonicotinoids you really need to look at all the aspects of crop management that can affect early plant establishment.

“For example, plants get away quicker if they are drilled into a warmer seedbed. So don’t drill too early – try and leave it until the middle of May when the soil has warmed up rather than in mid April.”

Selecting varieties with good vigour such as the ultra early maturing variety Picker or mainstream variety Hobbit will also speed up plant establishment and reduce the vulnerable seedling period.

Seed treatments such as Opticoat, which contain Zinc and Manganese, are worth considering and placement fertilisers which give the roots a band of phosphate to tap into as soon as they emerge are a good idea.

But growers must get all aspects of nutrition planning right and this means making a realistic fertiliser plan, Neil Groom says.

Removing compaction pans is also a priority.

“Compaction is usually visible at around 12 – 18” of depth so get a spade out and check to see if you have a problem. If there is a pan then use any dry weather period to remove these layers.

“It’s also a good idea to rotate maize around the farm if you’ve got the land to do it as this ensures you don’t get weeds and pests building up and it’s probably better to be using short term leys based around Italian Ryegrass and hybrid mixtures rather than long-term 6 - 7 year leys.”

Download



Comments


No comments posted yet. Be the first to post a comment

To post comment without approval login or register

Display name

Please enter your name

Email (optional)
Comment

Please enter your comment

Post Comment

Your comment submitted successfully.Please wait for admin approval.

Some error on your process.Please try one more time.



Jobs


11 January 2015
Administrator
Our client are one of the UK’s largest independent suppliers of Dairy and Food Products. A brilliant opportunity has opened u...

19 January 2015
Sales Rep (Livestock Nutrition)
Understanding of dairy farming is a distinct advantage. The successful candidate will be responsible for developing new and e...

5 January 2015
Real Estate Legal Secretary
As such the role will require you to hit the ground running and will involve varied duties such as drafting letters, dairy ma...

5 January 2015
Fabulous Opportunity for An Experienced, Organised, 40hour W
One of the children has allergies to Dairy, Eggs and Nuts so you must have a good understanding of cooking, health and nutrit...

19 January 2015
Transport Team Shift Manager
This is an excellent opportunity for a Transport Team Shift Manager to work in Dagenham, Essex for the UK’s number one dairy ...




Top stories you may have missed
12 November 2014 | Arable
GM crops 'good for farmers and the envir...

GM crops 'good for farmers and the envir...

GM crops are good for the economy and can reduce the amount of pesticides u...


6 November 2014 | Cattle
Smaller European markets drive beef expo...

Smaller European markets drive beef expo...

Demand from smaller European markets has helped drive strong growth for UK ...


6 November 2014 | Agri Safety
Lack of engineers a 'ticking time bomb' ...

Lack of engineers a 'ticking time bomb' ...

A lack of engineers, not enough people promoting the land-based industries ...


4 November 2014 | Bees and Beekeeping
Bee action plan due: Last chance for bee...

Bee action plan due: Last chance for bee...

Environment Secretary Elizabeth Truss is launching the National Pollinator ...


4 November 2014 | Arable
Experts welcome financial boost for youn...

Experts welcome financial boost for youn...

Agricultural specialists have welcomed a potential financial boost for youn...


3 November 2014 | News
Supermarket competition on prices 'risks...

Supermarket competition on prices 'risks...

As retailers continue to participate in a highly competitive race to the bo...


31 October 2014 | Arable
New Defra farm figures 'underline volati...

New Defra farm figures 'underline volati...

New farm business income data from Defra, which focus on income from March ...


30 October 2014 | Agri Safety
Agriculture remains one of UK's most dan...

Agriculture remains one of UK's most dan...

Agriculture has remained one of the industries in which workers are most li...


29 October 2014 | Finance
UK farmland prices see 'substantial grow...

UK farmland prices see 'substantial grow...

Prime arable land in the UK has seen a substantial year-on-year growth in p...


27 October 2014 | Arable
Satellites to help farmers pinpoint dise...

Satellites to help farmers pinpoint dise...

A new mobile app for farmers able to pinpoint and identify disease, pests a...