27 February 2015 | Online since 2003



21 January 2014|Arable,Cereal,Crops,News

New initiative aims to help growers protect cereal potential


Iain Hamilton

A new initiative designed to help UK farmers safeguard winter wheat and barley potential, after the last two challenging seasons, is being launched for spring by Syngenta.

‘Protect Your Cereal Investment’ aims to help make the most of this year’s crops, says Syngenta field technical manager, Iain Hamilton, by using a preventative agronomy approach.

“After the last two difficult seasons, growers could be facing a rebuilding exercise to get farm finances back on track,” says Mr Hamilton. “So good yields will be key.

“Winter cereals have generally established well this season. However, they could face several challenges. These include the early appearance of rusts and Septoria in wheat and net blotch and mildew in barley, plus difficulties eradicating some of these if they establish, and thick crop canopies that are at lodging risk.

“Protect Your Cereal Investment has been developed in response to these various financial and technical issues,” he adds.

Andersons research economist, Graham Redman, affirms that maximising cereal yield could be crucial. Persistent rain from April to December in 2012 not only impacted on yield that season, he says, but also affected drilling during that autumn, resulting in a reduced area of winter cereals and reduced overall cereal output on farms in 2013.

“We now have a legacy where two years of lower harvests means lower profits than anticipated,” explains Mr Redman. “So farmers need to work hard to catch up in 2014.

“Every opportunity to retain yield potential until harvest needs to be grabbed and protected. We don’t know what the grain price is going to be after harvest. But arguably that is an even greater incentive to make sure there’s more in the barn.”

Among the crop management methods to consider for maximising yields, says Mr Redman, are avoiding skimping and using a preventative approach. “Saving costs throughout the season could save a pound or two at the end of the year, but the impact on yield could cost more than the saving achieved. Making sure your approach is preventative, before a problem arises, keeps you in control.”

Syngenta’s Iain Hamilton agrees, and says there could be several concerns this season that need addressing ‘up front’. “There are concerns about eradicating Septoria tritici, following shifts in its sensitivity to triazole fungicides which have typically been relied on for curative control. Also, rust can escalate quickly in suitable conditions. So ‘Protect Your Cereal Investment’ is based on the principle of prevention rather than cure.

“This is to avoid yield being lost if disease gets in,” says Mr Hamilton, “but also because we can’t fully predict what future disease pressure will be at the time of spraying. In winter wheat, a key timing for many farmers to start such a preventative initiative will be T0, normally in March.

“With the decline in triazole curativity on Septoria tritici, early prevention has become increasingly important. So rather than relying on triazole alone against Septoria at T0, we advocate Cherokee – which has chlorothalonil built-in to provide extra protection against Septoria, and a high content of two triazoles which provide important activity against rust. In a trial last year, Cherokee gave around an extra 0.3 t/ha over a straight triazole,” he adds.

Following this, with the need for high yield, SDHI fungicides have delivered extra yield over conventional chemistry, says Mr Hamilton, and he proposes the SDHI Seguris for maintaining long-lasting Septoria and rust control at the main yield-building timings of T1 and T2.

In barley, unlike wheat, Mr Hamilton says yield contribution of lower leaves is as important as upper leaves, so early retention of green leaf area is crucial to yield.

“After the early disease pressure this season, a T0 fungicide tank mix of Kayak + fenpropimorph in winter barley could be useful to prevent net blotch, Rhynchosporium and mildew levels building, and for keeping crops protected in case T1 is delayed.

“For T1 and T2 in barley, SDHI fungicides have become important to help maximise yield. Two sprays of the SDHI Cebara have given up to 0.9 t/ha more than one spray in a Hyvido winter barley hybrid. Also, the beauty of Cebara is it contains the active ingredient cyprodinil, rather than a triazole. So for resistance management it provides an alternative to repeated triazole use.

“Additionally, lodging is clearly not something that can be controlled at the end of the season, but must be managed preventatively, and the plant growth regulator Moddus targets all three causes of lodging – crop height, stem strength and root anchorage. In trials, a Moddus programme has been shown to substantially reduce lodging compared to straight chlormequat standards.

“Our general guidance is to consider a Moddus-based programme at T0 and T1 in winter wheat and winter barley. However more tailored guidelines are available in winter wheat according to variety.

“Overall, the core principles of ‘Protect Your Cereal Investment’ are to: Prepare – start the season with a clear input plan; Protect – remember the benefits of prevention; and Succeed – remember that you invest in crops to get a bigger return than you spend,” Mr Hamilton adds.

Download



Comments


No comments posted yet. Be the first to post a comment

To post comment without approval login or register

Display name

Please enter your name

Email (optional)
Comment

Please enter your comment

Post Comment

Your comment submitted successfully.Please wait for admin approval.

Some error on your process.Please try one more time.



Jobs


9 February 2015
Bank Staff Nurses (RNLD)
Farm Lodge is an all-male step down hospital which specialises in intensive rehabilitation and community integration....

18 February 2015
Biomedical Support Worker
It comprises Barnet Hospital, Chase Farm Hospital, the Royal Free Hospital and more than 30 services in the community....

11 February 2015
National Account Manager (P/T)
Food Manufacturing, Bakery, Confectionery, Pharmaceutical, Dairy. National Account Manager (P/T)....

6 February 2015
Live-in Nanny
They currently have a daily nanny so working a long side the daily nanny to care for three children to take them to toddler g...

6 February 2015
Agricultural Solicitor
I.e. experience of working in an agricultural setting or a genuine understanding of agriculture and associated terminology......




Top stories you may have missed
2 February 2015 | Arable
Is EU membership damaging UK farming?

Is EU membership damaging UK farming?

Membership of the EU is damaging the British farming industry, according to...


29 January 2015 | Machinery and Equipment
Drones 'rapidly changing' agriculture

Drones 'rapidly changing' agriculture

BASIS has launched an accreditation for pilots of Unmanned Aerial Systems (...


23 January 2015 | Arable
UK wheat yields have potential to double

UK wheat yields have potential to double

UK wheat yields have theoretical potential to more than double over the nex...


23 January 2015 | Machinery and Equipment
Crowds flock to LAMMA 2015

Crowds flock to LAMMA 2015

Britain’s farmers flocked to Peterborough for the first day of LAMMA’15 to ...


22 January 2015 | Cattle
Don't blame supermarkets for milk crisis...

Don't blame supermarkets for milk crisis...

The crisis in the dairy industry is not the fault of supermarkets, accordin...


16 January 2015 | CLA
Families affected by HS2 face 'major wor...

Families affected by HS2 face 'major wor...

Transport Minister Baroness Kramer visited three rural businesses in Cheshi...


16 January 2015 | Machinery and Equipment
John Deere unveil new 6R tractor range

John Deere unveil new 6R tractor range

Spearheading the John Deere range of mid-size tractors from Mannheim, the n...


14 January 2015 | Animal Health
Monthly TB checks more effective than ba...

Monthly TB checks more effective than ba...

Regular testing for bovine TB could significantly reduce the number of infe...


12 January 2015 | News
Government regulations hampering UK agri...

Government regulations hampering UK agri...

Single-issue policy-making threatens to hamper, not help, the progress of U...


8 January 2015 | Cattle
2015: The year ahead for the beef market

2015: The year ahead for the beef market

2014 has been a “rocky old year” for the beef industry but better prices ar...