Automated raspberry harvesting could be a reality in five years time as concerns mount over labour availability once the UK leaves the EU.
Reduced access to workforce could in turn see productivity levels fall at a time when consumer demand for plant based products is at its highest.
However, raspberry growers concerned about labour availability could be using commercial robot harvesters on farm in five to ten years.
Dr Michael Stoelen from the University of Plymouth, discussed his team’s work on soft robotics at AHDB’s recent SmartHort conference.
They have built a prototype robotic arm which can pick a raspberry without damaging it in 12 seconds, however they believe once the robot is commercialised they can half the time it takes.
While human pickers will still be required there could be significant savings for growers once robotic harvesting becomes a reality as labour often makes up over 50% of the cost.
Dr Stoelen said: “These initial robots will not replace manual labour. What we expect is that they will be able to pick the more accessible fruit with human pickers there to pick the fruit which the machine isn’t yet able too.
“The challenge with designing robots such as these is not just in the delicate nature of the raspberry, but also ensuring they can cope with having people around them, as well as other complicating factors such as poles, sunlight and complex foliage.”
Dr Stoelen’s team has focused on human biology as the inspiration for their robots, developing an arm which mimics a human’s ability to shift between being robust and delicate when needs be.
“We looked at human muscles, such as the biceps and triceps, and the way humans can flex and stiffen those muscles depending on the situation,” he said.
“We’ve also been using ‘deep learning’ to build a large database of raspberries which will make it easier for the robot to classify and grade them.”