Growing peas and beans and precision farming are among the most effective measures in reducing emissions on farms, new research has found.
Various farm technologies and practices which can reduce GHG emissions were studied as part of the government’s plans to meet its net-zero target.
Researchers from Scotland's Rural College (SRUC) found that while increased grain legume cultivation is the most effective measure, providing on average 553 kg CO2e per hectare savings annually, it is also the most expensive option with a net average cost of £406 per hectare per year.
Precision farming, using variable rate nitrogen and lime application, or liming in itself, can provide more than 100kg CO2e emission savings annually per hectare.
Intercropping provides the highest cost saving of £45 per hectare annually, while other practices such as using crop varieties with higher nitrogen use efficiency and soil pH management can also improve farm finances.
Cattle mitigation practices – including using specific feed additives, breeding for low methane emissions and using impermeable covers over slurry stores - can save between 57 and 854kg CO2e and £31 to £359 every year per animal.
The figures provided are average estimates, with mitigation and the net costs varying on an individual farm basis, and researchers did not look at options such as afforestation or agro-forestry.
However, SRUC's climate change researcher Vera Eory said the research offered key options for farmers interested in reducing their GHG impact.
“Farmers are increasingly interested in opportunities to reduce their GHG impact and this research highlights some key options they could implement either now or in the near future," she said.
The research was commissioned by the Scottish government and published by ClimateXChange, which provides advice on to reduce emissions.
The study also utilised scientific information synthesised by SRUC in earlier projects funded by Defra and the Climate Change Committee.